HISTORY OF KERALA
Original Inhabitants : Namboothiries
Ruled By : Zamorins of Calicut, Moopins of Kochi and Raja of Kollam.
Foreign Influence : Portuguese, Dutch, Danes, French and English
Formed On : November 1, 1956
St Francis - The Oldest Church in Kerala
You must be interested in visiting a state which has so
little written accounts that it is difficult even for historians to be
unanimous on the genesis of God's own country. The slender green sliver of
land that clings to the southwestern flank of the Indian peninsula, as it
curves down to meet the very tip of the country at Kanya Kumari, is
cloaked in myths and legends. Traditional Malayali legend proclaims that,
long ago in the mists of time, Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord
Vishnu, threw his battle axe into the sea after slaying the kshatriya
dynasty 21 times to expunge their power from earth. The area where the axe
landed, from shaft to blade, rose from the sea as the Land of Parasurama
or today's Kerala, a land of plethora and prosperity. You might take it as
a poet's dream. But, the geologists have pointed out that the elevation of
Kerala from the sea was indeed a result of some seismic activity, either
sudden or gradual. The history of Kerala is unanimous.
The topography of Kerala, sandwiched between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, has considerably influenced the content of its history. From the dawn of history it has sequestered the culture of this coconut fringed terrain. As a result, Kerala seldom confronted those foreign invasions which had ravaged North India from time to time. It is only here that the Jews, the early Christians and the Muslims, built their first synagogues, churches or mosques in India. Today, Kerala stands tall with her well-preserved culture and traditions and still enthralls all of her guests with equal vivacity and cheerfulness as it used to in times of yore. Take up historical tours of Kerala to enjoy the various facets of Kerala.
Travel to Kerala to gather more inputs on historical information of Kerala.
Kerala has always been famous for its distinct
individuality. This fairytale spicy land of southern India was once the
fabled musiris, attracting cargoes of the ancient world, and people of
different faith. Take historical tour of ancient land of Kerala to know amore about the culture of Kerala. It is said that when the Queen of Sheba made her celebrated entry to Jerusalem, she carried in her cart
'spices, gold, precious stones and the wood of almug tree (sandalwood)
from Ophir'. Scholars believe that Ophir is the town of Puhar that existed
to where Thiruvananthapuram is today. In the first century AD, there was
even a temple to Augustus, built here by the Romans. At Cochin, Alwaye and
Quilon, major ports in their time, one can see the most picturesque
remnants of the Chinese interests in the giant fishing nets that hover on
the horizon like dragonflies. The historical information on Kerala is best discovered through the historical tour in Kerala.
The Namboothiries are said to be the oldest landowners (janmi) of Kerala. Lands were being leased out to next higher castes for share cropping, and these in turn were further distributed out to those lower on the caste hierarchy and to non-Hindus. Over the pages of history of Kerala entered a phase of baronial chieftains or warlords (naduvazhis) who divided the region according to their measure of power - the Zamorins of Calicut (Samuthiri of Kozhikode) to the North, Moopins of Perimpadappu (near modern day Kochi) in the central regions and Raja of Kollam.
The year 1498 brought a twist in the tale. It was when Vasco da Gama made
his historic landing on the Malabar Coast, thereby zipping open the sea
routes to the fabulous Orient. Throughout the next century, the leading
maritime nations of the period - the Portuguese, the Dutch, the Danes, the
French and the English - planted one flag after the other to establish
their rights. On the contrary, the air of Kerala pulsated with feudalism
and warfare. The landlords lived in supreme luxury, while the peasantry
toiled to keep them in comfort. The thirst for power thereon impoverished
the country side. Kerala lost its radiance when it was ripe for picking.
This is exactly what the Europeans, who found a sea lane to the fabled
land of spices and gold, wanted. And there was nothing anyone could do to
stop the next two-and-a-half centuries of colonial rule.
It was only on November 1, 1956 that Kerala gained recognition as an independent state. On account of recomendations by the State Reorganisation Commission set up by the Government of India, the then Malabar district was merged with Tranvancore-Cochin state and Kasargod taluk of South Kanara District to form the State of Kerala. The elections for the Kerala Legislative Assembly were held in 1957, which led resulted in the formation of a communist-led government, often said to be the first democratically elected marxist government in the world.
An Endeavour To Be At The Top - Kerala
Today Kerala stands tall amidst other bustling metropolis of India with a fine penchant for the finer aspects of life. It has eventually developed into a hundred per cent literate society, with world-class healthcare systems, India's lowest infant mortaliy and highest life expectancy rates. The state has three international airports. Well connected by air, rail and road and offering a choice of luxury and budget accommodation, life here is surely peaceful and pristine, simple and safe. With all these tourism benefits, ayurveda, tea, spice and tonnes of cordiality, this palm-fringed land of Kerala has indeed become God's own country on the world map.
Top 5 Highlights of Kerala History
By The Axe Of God
History On The Coast
As They Came Over The Seas
Vini Vidi Vici
Touch The History
South & Beaches