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Shubhyatra >> Jammu and Kashmir >> General Info on Landscape


Location : North India
Varied Geography : Mountains, Green Valleys and Lakes
Hill Stations : Gulmarg, Pahalgam and Sonmarg
Temperature Range : From -1.9 C to 29.5 C

Landscape That Forms the Mountain Region of Jammu and Kashmir

Kashmir During Winters
Kashmir Valley Covered with Snow During Winters

The Jammu and Kashmir state is the Northern most and largest mountain state of India. Situated between 32.17 degrees and 36.58 degrees north latitude and 37.26 degrees and 80.30 degrees east longitude, this heavenly place has the total area of 22,22,236 square kilometers including the area illegally occupied by Pakistan and China, the neighboring countries of Jammu and Kashmir state. You will be amazed to see the strikingly varied topography of the state even when the general perception of the common people about Kashmir's landscape is mountainous. If the state of Jammu and Kashmir is sub-divided into three regions Srinagar, Jammu and Ladakh it will be an amazing experience to see the three regions completely varying to each other in terms of geography, climate, flora and fauna and most of all topography.

Contribution of Landscape To Nature

A Walk on Glaciers of Kashmir
A Walk on Glaciers of Kashmir

If Kashmir is famous as the paradise on earth it is not only due to the gardens and colorful flowers but the landscape has played an important role in making the valley most beautiful place on earth that is incomparable to any place on earth. The landscape and respective climate has offered this state the verdant woods, azure, lakes, sparkling rivers, golden chinars, alpine pastures, fertile lands and the back drop of snow capped mountains. Each nook and corner of the state has some thing to offer to its travelers.

The landscape of the J and K state can be divided into the subtropical foothills of Jammu, the splendid Kashmir Valley that lies between the robust Pir Panjal and higher Himalayas and finally the cold desert of Ladakh. All though the three regions have mountains in the company but they play distinctive roles resulting in complete different climatic conditions.

Discreet Topography of Jammu and Kashmir

Shikaras Stranded on Dal Lake
Shikaras Stranded on Dal Lake

The Jammu nestles in the foot hills of Pir Panjal mountain and the pristine rivers Ravi, Tawi and Chenab flow through the heart of the Jammu city carving the spectacular gorges. You can experience the majesty of these gorges while traveling on the Jammu – Srinagar National Highway. If you are the passionate lover of the nature then Kashmir is one place where you can find the august mountains, pristine lakes, perennial rivers and roaring waterfalls. The Mughals turned this land to the garden paradise and are famous as Mughal Gardens. The Dal lake, Nigeen Lake, Anchar Lake, Wular Lake are the most important lakes of Kashmir and the river Jehlum that flows amidst the valley is the major land mark. The climate of this region is cool during October to April and moderate between May to September. While the Ladakh Region is known as the cold desert, their you will find the mountains of various characteristics. These mountains drastically vary in height, some remain covered by snow through out the year while others shine like the glass in summers. The old crumbling monasteries and quaint little hamlets decorate these mountains regions of Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir Ideal Holiday Destination

The Jammu and Kashmir is the largest mountain states of India and serves as a paradise for trekkers the green pastures and wild forests catches the attention of every tourist and it is the place where you will get absolutely lost in the natural beauty bestowed on this land by the god who want to show his subjects the real specimen of paradise. Plan your holidays in this state and it will be all fun and joy to spent a night amidst Dal Lake in the houseboat that is very unique to this country.

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Top 5 Highlights of Mountain Region

Kashmir View

Kashmir Designed With Himalayas
This state is the largest mountain states of India and all the three regions of Jammu and Kashmir that is Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh are located in and around the mountains. The Pir Panjal range and Himalayas are the two mountain ranges that cover the maximum area of this land and a challenge for trekkers.

Hill Resorts in Kashmir
The Kashmir valley has many hill resorts among which Gulmarg, Pahalgam and Sonmarg are the most applauded both by the domestic and international tourists, the lush green meadows, thick forests and huge mountains in the back drop is the most beautiful thing to be experienced by one and all.

Valley Called 'Switzerland of East'
Located amidst huge mountains this valley of Kashmir has been eulogized by one and all. The Dal lake, Mughal gardens, springs and ponds, rivers, water falls, small hills and many other attractions has conquered the heart of saints, poets, travelers and any one and every one who came on its way.

Jammu - Divinity Among the Greens
The place famous as the city of temples is located on the foot hills and for adventure lovers this is the place where they can explore the high mountains without getting lost in the thick forests and walk on the plains along the clear water streams. This city is home to Ma Vaishno Devi shrine, an important pilgrimage centre.

Ladakh Dotted With Mountains
Ladakh is renowned for its remote mountain beauty, sandwiched between Kuen Lun mountain range in the north and great Himalayas in the south. The state government promotes the Ladakh tourism and offers the packages that includes the adventure if high water rafting, trekking etc.

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