PEOPLE OF JAMMU KASHMIR
Religions Followed : Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism
State Language : Urdu
Popular Costumes : Pheran, Kasaba, Woolen Gowns and Parek
Spoken Languages : Kashmiri, Dogri, Urdu, Pahari, Ladakhi
Rich culture and tradition of Jammu and Kashmir is represented by the beautiful people of Kashmir. A memorable trip to the state of Jammu and Kashmir will reveal you the true nature of Kashmiri people and their lifestyle. The Languages spoken by the people of Kashmir state vary from region to region as the population of Kashmir comprises of Kashmiri Muslims which are in majority other communities in Kashmir are Hindus in Jammu and Buddhist in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.
The people of Jammu and Kashmir have a different
lifestyle, depending on the region they belong to. This state is divided
into three regions on the basis of its topography and all the three
provinces have varied religion, culture and lifestyle. Visit the Jammu
city and you will find the majority of inhabitants belong to the Dogra
Community that have many sects and castes but mostly famous for the valor
and chivalry. Historians believe that Dogras are the descendants of the
Aryans who settled on the southern hilly tracts of Kashmir stretching up
to Punjab Plains. Dogra Rajputs among Hindus and Chibals and Sudans, the
chief sects of Muslim Rajputs are martial races while Khatris and Mahajans
of Punjab origin have the basic occupation of commerce and trade. An
interactive session with the people of Jammu will make you obsessed to
this place and people who have no competitor in bravery and always live
with their heads high.
Kashmir valley has a mixed culture resulted from the
influence of foreign religious scholars who visited this state for
research especially during Buddhist era and the saints who traveled from
far off areas of Persia to preach the religion of Islam in this valley.
According to legends the state is influenced by the culture of erstwhile
Persian, Greeks and Roman civilizations, while the natives are actually
the immigrants from India. On a tour ti this valley you will find that
most of the people the of Kashmir are usually god fearing, warm hearted,
hospitable and non aggressive and are mostly involved in cottage industry.
Come to this part of world and you will be amazed to see the unrivaled
craftsmanship and the cultural genius of the natives of Kashmir. Locals of
the Valley are known as Kashmiris and have the designation of being the
very skillful businessmen.
The tribal community living on the hills of valley are called Gujjars and are herdsmen in occupation. These Gujjars are believed to be the Rajputs of Rajasthan who converted to Islam and started living on hills and rearing cattle. These Gujjars are nomads who move from one place to another in search of fresh grass for their cattle and to find the market place where they get good returns on selling their cattle. Company these Gujjars to a short distance and you will be stunned to see there wild goat confidence on walking through the narrow hilly tracts.
Ladakh has the population of Mongoloid race. Here people
have very cool temperament and are peace loving. The major occupation of
Ladakhi's (people of Ladakh) is agriculture and one tribe called Changpas
rear the long haired sheep and goats from whom raw wool is extracted that
constitute the Pashmina used for making shawls. The cultured pearls, dry
fruits especially apricots and semi precious stones are the major products
of their business and in return they get the sugar, tea, grain and other
essential goods. Travel to Ladakh and enjoy the game of polo with the
locals known for there sincerity and honesty. Have a set of sapphire
stones for yourself and it will be the best souvenir you can take back
With the regional diversity the religions of the state
also vary from one province to another. The Jammu has majority of Hindu
religion that contributes to 66% of total population in Jammu. In the
summer capital of Srinagar 90% people practice the religion of Islam that
include both the sects of Sunni and Shia's, while the rest of 10% of
population belongs to Hinduism and Sikhism. Ladakh has equal population of
Buddhists and Muslims. The 50% population of Muslims has majority of Shia
Muslims who mostly dominate the Kargil city of Ladakh.The tradition of
dedicating one person from every family to priesthood is still existing
and the male priest is called Lama while female monk is called Chomo.
Dalai Lama of Tibet is the spiritual heat of Ladakh Buddhists. Despite the
diverse religions being preached in the state all the communities are
living in a perfect harmony and brotherhood.
As the lush green forests cover the stripped surface of
mountains, and wild flowers blooming all around in imposing colors spread
the essence of tranquility, the costumes of its inhabitants adds one more
character to these riot of colors. In Jammu Dogras have very simple dress
that include the long kurtas and pajamas with tight fitting at ankles.
Womens wear tight bodice or jumpers over pajams that resemble that of men
folk. Turban and Kamarband are the added features of elderly males. In
Srinagar Khan-dress or Pathani suit is the common dress among males and
Pheran (a long tunic) and shalwar with the traditional Kasaba a headgear
is the popular dress among women. The pheran of females have zari
embroidery on the hem line, around pockets and mostly on the collar area.
The pashmina shawl and skull cap made of fur (karakuli) are the signs of
royalty among men. In Ladakh the men wear the long woolen gowns with the
border made up of sheep skin and tied at the waist by blur colored
girdles.In harsh winters multi colored caps with ear laps made of velvet
are worn, while women wear the turquoise studded head gear called Parek
with the multicolored clothes. The bangles, hair pins, brooches and other
ornaments are made up of semi precious stones.
Languages of the state are no barrier to its people in
communicating to each other, The varied languages of the state are Dogri a
mixture of Sanskrit, Persian and punjabi spoken mostly in Jammu province.
In Kashmir valley most of the people speak Kashmiri while Urdu is also
spoken in some parts of this region. On the higher reaches of the valley,
Gujjars speak Pahari language. Tibetan Language is the spoken language of
Ladakh and is also written in the Tibetan Dialect.Most of the religious
terminology is derived from the Sanskrit language.
The state of Jammu and Kashmir is the ultimate tourist destination where you can experience the myriad cultures of its three regions. The people of the state are very hospitable and left no stone unturned in the service of guests. Learn the few words of one of its languages and it will be pleasure to utter these words back at home. An expedition to the hill areas will be interesting to find the Gujjars living in their hutment's on the steep slopes of High mountains. Come and explore the state called 'Paradise on Earth' because of beauty of nature as well as its people.
Top 5 highlights of Kashmiri Lifestyle
Alluring Simplicity of Kashmiris
Impeccable Blend of Modernity and Culture
Land of Religiosity
Speak Their Way
Wear Pheran And Enjoy Snowfall
Safari to Ladakh
The Taj and the
Mahal - White Wonder
Delhi - Eternal Capital
Sikri - City of Victory
- Out of The World
Rajasthan - Princely
State of India