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Shubhyatra >> Madhya PradeshYatra >> Bhimbhetka Caves


Location : 45 kms From Bhopal
Famous As : World Heritage Site
Major Attraction : Rock Paintings Belonging to Paleolithic Age
Other Highlights : Rock Formation, Caves
Rocky Exterior of Bhimbetka Caves
Rocky Exterior of Bhimbetka Caves

Belonging To : From the Pre Historic to Medieval Age.
Mythology : Believed to be the Secluding Place of the Pandavas (Heroes of Epic Mahabharata).
Must See : The Zoo Rock, Most Famous for its Animal Figures.
Fact : The Colours Used in Paintings Were Prepared by Using Manganese, Hematite, Soft Red Stone and Wooden Coal. Sometimes, Even Animal Fat and Leaves Were Used.
Don't Miss : Magnificent Rock Formations Whose Entrance Resembles the Mouth of a Snake.
Getting Around : Barkhera (7 km) from Bhimbetka - Richest Open Air Stone Age Sites in South Asia. Look for Thousands of Acheulian Tools Scattered in the Thick Teak Forest.
Inside Tip : Maintain Cleanliness on This World Heritage Site. Do Not Write Anything on the Walls or Tamper With Them in Any Way.
Staying Options : Laxmi Vilas Heritage Palace, the Bagh Resort, Hotel Chandra Mahal Haveli.
Getting There : Air - Bhopal (45 kms) has the Nearest Airport. Connected with Regular Flights from Major Cities.
Rail - Bhopal is the Nearest Railhead as well.
Road - NH 69 Connects Bhimbhetka From Major and Minor Cities in the State.

This is Where the Oldest Resides

Archaeological sites of Madhya Pradesh invites to embrace one of the world's oldest evidence of mankind. Here one can learn the art of watching the rocks speak. A language that dates back to the paleolithic age. The Bhimbhetka caves are the shelters to the one of the earliest traces of human life. Madhya Pradesh tourism gives you a chance to go back 35,000 years in time by preserving the caves depicting paintings that are vigilant of the cultural catenation from the Stone Age to the early historic period. Clandestine in the massive forest of Teaks and Sal, in the jagged hills, these historic remains were unveiled by an archaeologist, Dr Wakankar from Ujjain, and today UNESCO has declared these caves to be a world heritage site.
This collection of India's pre historic art, there are more than 700 rock shelters out of which only 15 are open for general public. This archaeological treasure is located 45 kms from Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.

Denotation of Historic Lives

Bhimbhetka caves have believes to derive its name from the Pandava brother Bhima, who are believed to have resided here during their seclusion. The paintings on the rocks in the caves depict the activities from the everyday lives of the people. Notice the melange of the red and white with a tinge of green and yellow here and there. Portraying the various moods of people like fear, anger, and even hopes, these paintings weave a web of hypnotism than still benet us. One can also witness the images of animals that too hold some attraction. These paintings display the talent, of converting narration into paintings, that was embedded in the people of those times. You will be amazed to discover the obvious developments in the lives of hums through the painting. These paintings have very well captured the transition and growth of human from one stage to the other. Manganese, Hematite, Soft Red Stone and Wooden Coal and sometimes, even animal fat and leaves were amalgamated to extract the colours. The colours used in the painting were Thanks to the chemical reaction resulting from the oxide present on the surface of the rocks, for keeping the colours of the paintings intact.

One must visit the Zoo Rock cave, which is the most famous among all the 750 caves. These rocks have painting as old as 10,000 BC. Depicting paintings of various animals like elephants, antelopes and horses. Another aspect that one must notice other than the paintings is the cave formation. You will be amazed to see the unique cave formation that resembles a shape of a tortoise and whose entrance replicates the mouth of a snake. The caves vary in sizes as well. Some are very small while some can accommodate a crowd of 100 people. Move around with utmost care and contemplation an try to understand the magical history these rocks want to convey.

The Stages of Cro-Magnon Life

These superposed images belong to the different period of history. Bifurcation according to the history and art spans have been done and as an outcome these caves have been divided into seven different periods of history. The period is easily distinguish through the paintings - Period one or Upper Paleolithic has been classified as the paintings with linear representations of red and white concentrating more on animals like bison, tigers and rhinoceros.The Second period or Mesolithic then moves on from only animals, to human and animals. Though smaller in size as compared to the first period, these pictures had constricted decorations. Hunting scenes were explained offering a very clear picture of the weapons. Depiction of the early social life of the people is also depicted. The inclusion of music and dance also depicted here.The Third period or Chaleolithic, reflects the practice of agriculture and farming among the communities. According to the paintings, in this age these Stone Age men embraced social life and from vagrants life they start getting settled at particular locations. The Fourth and Fifth period comprise as the Early History, whither the figures have ornamental style. Belief in religion, in the form of Yakshas, tree gods and magical chariots is also visible in figures. This group also showcases association of riders and tremendous use of red, yellow and green is apparent, which is worth your attention.The Sixth and Seventh is referred as the Mediveal age, where one can see a tremendous leap in artistic patterns. The paintings now have become more schematic and geometric, but one can also see crudeness in the artistic pattern.

Cave Paintings Inside Bhimbetca Cave
Cave Paintings Inside Bhimbetca Cave

Tread Your Way to the Treasure Trove

To the South of the Vindhayas range of mountains, 45 kms from the capital city Bhopal, lies the historic treasure of Bhimbhetka caves. Bhopal, has the nearest airport as well the nearest railhead, and is very well connected with the major cities of the country. One can also take the route of NH 69 to reach this world heritage site. October to March is the best time one should visit these caves cum rock formations.

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Top 5 Reasons to See Bhimbhetka Caves

Paintings Inside the Walls of Bhimbetka Caves

Transform to the Age Called Paleolithic
The Bhimbhetka Caves in Madhya Pradesh are one of the few places on the earth which has such rudiments of history within them. Dating back to the pre historic age, the paintings of these caves are a major attraction that magnetize tourists towards it.

Canvass the Rock Canvas
Scrutinize the paintings that will tell you about the human developments from the paleolithic to the medieval age. Notice the colour scheme used in the paintings. These dominating reds and whites, along the traces of yellow and green will give you the minuscule details of the effort that was solicited in these paintings.

Rock That Will Remind You of the Zoo
Come to the pre historic Zoo, as depicted by these paintings. Hey but if you are prosaic then you might not be able to see these animals move. One of the most important cave among them is the Zoo parks that displays animal figures. Elephants, deers, horses, bulls, antelopes, they have each one of them here.

Rocks and Their Formation
The paintings engraved on these rocks are not the only attraction. Observe the rock formations as well. You will find that some of them are not even caves, but just overhanging rocks. Pay attention to the entrance of a cave at time it resembles the mouth of a snake or tortoise.

The Heritage of the World
In the year 2003, UNESCO gave these caves the status of being a world heritage site. These memorable caves are the reason enough for one to come and see the legacy of human life that laid preserved among the Bamboo and the Sal.

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